EPILEPSY AND NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS
There are at least 13 different known vitamins, each with its own special and unique role to play. Vitamins are generally classified into two groups : Fat Soluble (A, D, E and K) and Water- Soluble (the B Vitamins and Vitamin C). Vitamins are essential to good health- without them, key body processes would halt and suffer. Low levels of vitamins and minerals in our bobies may be preventing many of us from achieving optimal health. Vitamins function along with enzymes in chemical reactions necessary for human bodily function, including in particular energy production. Vitamins and enzymes work together, acting as catalysts that speed up the making or breaking of chemical bonds that join molecules together.
FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS
WATER -SOLUBLE VITAMINS
Thiamin ( Vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
Niacin (Vitamin B3)
Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6)
Pantothenic Acid and Pantethine
Magnesium supplementation and Epilepsy
Firstly please consult a medical specialist or a doctor before changing or starting any new supplements. You should never attempt self-diagnosis or self-treatment of seizures or epilepsy -- consult your doctor for medical advice. Magnesium is required for over 300 enzyme systems and is critical for many cellular functions including oxidative phosphorylation, glycolysis, DNA transcription and protein synthesis. Studies suggest that the modern Western diet and lifestyle may lead to magnesium deficiency, and this appears to be associated with a wide range of medical conditions. Magnesium deficiency decreases seizure thresholds in animal models of epilepsy and indeed low magnesium concentration in the perfusate is a common method of generating spontaneous epileptiform discharges from rat hippocampal slices. Some studies have shown that people with epilepsy have lower magnesium levels than people without epilepsy. There are case reports of seizures being controlled with magnesium supplementation. Magnesium is essential in maintaining your nerve and muscle function, and plays a vital role in more than 300 other bodily functions. Your body needs magnesium to keep a steady heart rhythm and for your immune system to function properly. Roughly half of the magnesium in your body is found in your bones, as magnesium plays an important part in maintaining bone strength. Magnesium is present in dark green leafy vegetables, including spinach. Certain beans, peas, seeds, nuts and whole grains also contain magnesium.
EATING A WELL BALANCED DIET
Your diet needs to include a wide variety of foods from all three of the food groups: fats, carbohydrates and proteins. Adults should aim to eat no more than 70g of fats per day – with most of these coming from monounsaturated fats such as using olive oil in cooking and olive oil spreads. We should reduce our use of vegetable oils and increase our intake of omega 3 fats. We can consume small amounts of saturated fats but should avoid trans fats as much as possible.
Most of our diet should be made up of ‘complex carbohydrates’. These include high fibre foods such as wholegrain bread, cereal, pasta and rice, along with a variety of fruit and vegetables. Try to avoid refined sugars and syrups like those found in fizzy drinks, sweets, cakes, biscuits, and adding sugar to hot drinks. Protein can be found in meat and fish, but also in tofu (soya bean curd), dairy products, nuts, seeds, pulses and legumes (lentils and beans). It is good to choose lean cuts of meat and remove any skin as this is often where the saturated fat can be found. Oily fish such as mackerel, salmon and sardines can be a good source of protein and also contain healthy omega 3 fats. An important way to maintain a healthy body weight is to balance calorie intake with physical exercise. Calories are units of energy that foods contain. If a food contains a high number of calories, but you do not use up all the energy (in your day-to-day activites or through exercise), then it can cause you to gain weight.
EATING FIVE A DAY FOR GOOD HEALTH
Eating a Five a Day diet is based on advice from the World Health Organization, which recommends eating a minimum of 400g of fruit and vegetables a day to lower the risk of serious health problems, such as heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and obesity. To get the most benefit out of your 5 A DAY, your five portions should include a variety of fruit and vegetables. This is because different fruits and vegetables contain different combinations of fibre, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. Almost all fruit and vegetables count towards your 5 A DAY. Potatoes and cassava don’t count because they mainly contribute starch to the diet. FIVE A DAY highlights the health benefits of getting five 80g portions of fruit and vegetables every day. That’s five portions of fruit and veg altogether, not five portions of each.
FIVE GOOD REASONS TO GET YOUR FIVE A DAY
Fruit and vegetables taste delicious and there's so much more variety to choose from.
They're a good source of vitamins and minerals, including folate, vitamin C and potassium.
They're an excellent source of dietary fibre, which helps maintain a healthy gut and prevent constipation and other digestion problems.
A diet high in fibre can also reduce your risk of bowel cancer.
They can help reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke and some cancers.
Fruit and vegetables contribute to a healthy and balanced diet.
Fruit and vegetables are also usually low in fat and calories (provided you don’t fry them or roast them in lots of oil). That’s why eating them can help you maintain a healthy weight and keep your heart healthy. 5 A DAY is based on advice from the World Health Organization, which recommends eating a minimum of 400g of fruit and vegetables a day to lower the risk of serious health problems, such as heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and obesity.To get the most benefit out of your 5 A DAY, your five portions should include a variety of fruit and vegetables. This is because different fruits and vegetables contain different combinations of fibre, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. Almost all fruit and vegetables count towards your 5 A DAY. Potatoes and cassava don’t count because they mainly contribute starch to the diet.
BENEFITS OF EATING BANANAS
The Banana is one of the most popular fruits, ideal for any age group. They are natural no fuss, sealed in their own wrapper providing a versatile fruit for a snack, dessert, cooking or for blending into nutritional milk shakes. Banana is eaten in many ways and has plenty of nutritional and medicinal benefits. The ripe banana is utilized in a multitude of ways in the human diet—from simply being peeled and eaten out of-hand to being sliced and served in fruit cups and salads, sandwiches, custards and gelatins; being mashed and incorporated into ice cream, bread, muffins, and cream pies. Banana puree is important as infant food. There are plenty of mouth watering banana recipes available for those who relish the taste of this fruit / vegetable. Because of their impressive potassium content, bananas are highly recommended by doctors for patients whose potassium is low. One large banana, about 9 inches in length, packs 602 mg of potassium and only carries 140 calories. That same large banana even has 2 grams of protein and 4 grams of fiber.
Those reducing sodium in their diets can’t go wrong with a banana with its mere 2 mgs of sodium. For the carbohydrate counters there are 36 grams of carbohydrates in a large banana. The other banana nutrition facts are also quite impressive. Vitamins and minerals are abundant in the banana, offering 123 I.U. of vitamin A for the large size. Banana also has a full range of B vitamins with .07 mg of Thiamine, .15 mg of Riboflavin, .82 mg Niacin, .88 mg vitamin B6, and 29 mcg of Folic Acid. There is even 13.8 mg of vitamin C. On the mineral scale Calcium counts in at 9.2 mg, Magnesium 44.1 mg, with trace amounts of iron and zinc.
BENEFITS OF EATING FRUITS
It is no secret that eating fruit is good for you and has plenty of health benefits – but what are they? Generally, people who eat more fruit as part of a healthy diet are less likely to develop diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, Alzheimer’s and cancer, and they provide your body with all the nutrients it needs to fight other infections and repair cells, too. Most people want to be as healthy as possible. We want to be able to enjoy life without the constraints of illness and disease, and live a long, and active life. Eating fruit every day as part of a balanced diet is just one of the ways we can improve our health, and give our bodies a helping hand in living to a ripe old age.
These days our bodies need more vitamins and minerals than ever before. This is because we work longer hours, are exposed to more toxic fumes from pollution and are under more stress than we used to be. Eating fruit every day is a simple way of providing your body with these nutrients to ensure you are well equipped to deal with the stresses of daily life, and possibly protect you from illnesses in the future. A diet involving regular amounts of fruit will provide your body with antioxidants to help prevent free radicals from attacking the body.
BENEFITS OF EATING NUTS AND SEEDS
Nuts and seeds such as walnuts, almonds, pistachios, pecans, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, and peanuts all contain a host of healthful nutrients. Just a handful packs a powerful punch of vitamins, minerals and fats, all of which work together to impact your heart, brain -- and your waistline. Just 1 oz. a day can diminish inflammation, provide satiating fiber and protein as well as immune-boosting minerals. Nuts and seeds contain healthful mono- and polyunsaturated fats. These fats are essential to health by managing inflammation and maintaining the normal structure of every cell in our bodies. Walnuts are the top nut for brain health. They have a significantly high concentration of DHA, a type of Omega-3 fatty acid. Among other things, DHA has been shown to protect brain health in newborns, improve cognitive performance in adults, and prevent or ameliorate age-related cognitive decline. One study even shows that mothers who get enough DHA have smarter kids. Just a quarter cup of walnuts provides nearly 100% of the recommended daily intake of DHA. Please check with your doctor in case of NUT ALLERGIES.
EPILEPSY AND VITAMIN C
Whilst most animals can manufacture their own Vitamin C, the Human Body does not. Throughout history humans have suffered from the Vitamin C deficiency disease known as scurvy. The classic symptoms of scurvy are bleeding gums, extensive bruising and poor wound healing. In addition to these symptoms , a susceptibility to infection and depression are also known as classic features. The primary function of Vitamin C is the manufacture of collagen, the main protein substance of the human body. More specifically, Vitamin C aids the joining of a portion of a molecule of the amino acid proline to form hydroxyproline. The result is a very stable collagen structure. Since collagen is such an important protein for the structures that hold our bodies together ( connective tissue, tendons, cartilage) Vitamin C is vital for wound healing and repair, healthy gums, and the prevention of easy bruising. Vitamin C affects various immune functions by enhancing white blood cell function and increasing antibody responses, antibody levels, and secretion of thymic hormones. Vitamin C also possesses many biochemical effects similar to interferon, the body's natural antiviral and anticancer compounds. During times of chemical, emotional, psychological or physiological stress, the urinary system excretes Vitamin C at a significantly increased rate, thereby elevating the body's need for Vitamin C, during these times. Common examples of chemical stressors include cigarette smoke, pollutants like smoke and air pollution and allergens. Extra Vitamin C in the form of supplementation or increased intake of Vitamin C -rich foods is often recommended to keep the immune system working properly during times of stress.